The invention of the daguerreotype in 1839 made portraiture much more commonplace, as many of those who were unable to afford the commission of a painted portrait could afford to sit for a photography session. This cheaper and quicker method also provided the middle class with a means for memorializing dead loved ones.

These photographs served as keepsakes to remember the deceased. This was especially common with infants and young children; Victorian era childhood mortality rates were extremely high, and a post-mortem photograph might have been the only image of the child the family ever had. The later invention of the carte de visite, which allowed multiple prints to be made from a single negative, meant that copies of the image could be mailed to relatives.

The practice eventually peaked in popularity around the end of the 19th century and died out as “snapshot” photography became more commonplace, although a few examples of formal memorial portraits were still being produced well into the 20th century.






COMBUSTIBLE 火要鎮 aas awarded the Grand Prize at the Japan Media Arts Festival Animation Division on December 16th last year.Directed by KATSUHIRO OTOMO 大友克洋 (director and writer of akira1988).


The city of Edo, the 18th Century.Owaka, the daughter of a merchant family, and her childhood friend Matsukichi.The two were drawn to each other,but Matsukichi has been disowned by his family,and is working for the city fire brigade.Meanwhile, negotiations begin for the arrangement of Owaka’s marriage.Unable to let go of her thoughts of Matsukichi,her mad emotions make her bring about a massive inferno which razes Edo.By chance encounter, the two meet again amidst the fires.It is an epic spectacle set against the stage of the massive metropolis of Edo.



Bulgarian Icons – The End of History

Portraits of the Unexpected by Sofia photograper/art director Lyubomir Sergeev(artist page).

This is the story of the long journey of a beautiful small country which has successfully been destroying itself through corruption, vileness, and political machinations that led to the painful agonizing existence of today’s generation. We and our families grew up in Bulgaria and never gave up. We continue our fight and critical thinking and this is our protest against the Present, our resentment and disillusionment, through the eyes of our rich history. Bulgaria’s celebrated Past is the only thing keeping us going and that is why, in order for us to be heard, we dared strike in its very heart, obliterate it and strip our nation from its pride and dignity.

We used the role – model of common people who became true legends and wrote history, in words and in spirit, with their struggles, courage and determination, and their sacrifice for the motherland. They are Bulgaria! Their ideal was their fight: “If I win, the entire nation wins; if I lose, I lose only myself.”

We undertook this long journey into the past to meet these khans, kings, monks, freedom fighters, poets, and princes, to show them Bulgaria today and hear their last resolve. This is how they answered us – with disappointment, disgust and pain.

“Portraits of the Unexpected” was a great challenge for us because the real End was foretold by the time we live in. Therefore, we will continue to sinfully ’’kill’’ our Bulgarian icons until someone convinces us otherwise.